The Lamborghini Miura is an automobile model of the Italian manufacturer Lamborghini, produced from 1966 to 1973. One of the first production cars with a mid-rear engine, it has become one of the major models in the history of the automobile. . This car is the fruit of the work of the engineer Gian Paolo Dallara, who arrived in 1963 in the firm with the bull, and of the designer Marcello Gandini, young engineer of the Bertone bodybuilder. After the first appearance of the P400 chassis at the Turin Motor Show at the end of 1965, the Miura was officially presented to the press and to the general public at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1966. Aesthetically, the Miura amazes because of its rather far from the automotive standards of the time - often models with the cabin set back behind a long hood, such as the Jaguar E-Type, while that of the Miura seems to have been thrown forward to make room for the mid-engine back. The bodybuilder Nuccio Bertone obtained from Ferruccio Lamborghini a copy of this chassis to body it in a masterly way. He thus began a multi-decade collaboration competing with that which already linked Enzo Ferrari almost exclusively to Battista Pininfarina and which matured gradually from 1921 to 1951 before being fully expressed to this day. The design of the future Miura was barely started by Giorgio Giugiaro in November 1965 before he joined Ghia where he simultaneously designed, in the fall of 1966, the Maserati Ghibli, the de Tomaso Mangusta and Pampero as well as the Fiat 850 Vanessa. . This drawing of the Miura was finally produced by Marcello Gandini who signed there, for the Geneva Motor Show in March 1966, the first of a long series of masterpieces for Bertone. Between the first stroke of the pencil and the prototype, only three months passed. Marcello Gandini worked almost alone on the Miura, helped by three industrial designers. The Miura is almost as low as the Ford GT40 reserved for endurance racing. In the future, no production Lamborghini will ever be so low. The front cover including the wings tilts completely forward like that of a Jaguar Type E but here the rear cover also including the wings does the same symmetrically towards the rear, with its luggage hatch incorporating a spoiler, in a particularly spectacular exercise. When the two hoods and the two doors are open, only the roof and the central part, between the doors and the rear hood, which acts as a roll bar, remain fixed. Bertone borrows the headlights and taillights from the Fiat 850 spider that he himself had designed a year earlier by Giorgietto Giugiaro. But these oval because bevelled headlights are here, at rest, tilted back almost horizontally. The theme of the headlights tilted almost horizontally is taken from the 1963 Chevrolet Corvair Testudo prototype by Bertone on a drawing by Giorgietto Giugiaro. It will be copied by Vignale on the Fiat 125 Samantha from 1967 and 850 Dart from 1969. But it is above all Porsche which used the principle of the headlights flipped back in larger series on the 928 presented in 1978 as well as the 968 presented in 1991. In addition, the headlights of the Miura are surrounded, front and rear, by matte black grilles evoking lashes which further lengthen their silhouette and give them the appearance of a perfect circle seen from the front in the axis of the car. However, these grilles will be replaced on the Miura SV by matte black shells and then quickly by a simple matte black paint again. The matte black grille theme is also found on the front hood for extracting air from the radiator as well as concealing the fuel filler neck. These matte black grilles are still found on the air intakes of the doors, behind the side windows that have no frame and one part of which also serves as door handles. The location of these air intakes is taken from the prototype by Giorgetto Giugiaro of the Chevrolet Corvair Testudo in 1963. But on these, they were not included in the doors. The design of these windows and side doors will be used, but without the famous air intakes, on the Alfa Romeo Montreal in 1967 by the same Marcello Gandini for the bodybuilder Bertone. Then, this drawing of the windows and side doors was found in a single line forming an oval in aerial view on the Lancia Stratos HF in November 1971 then on the NSU Trapeze in October 1973. The same drawing is still found on the full face helmet. Vitaloni Stratos. Finally, to improve the cooling of the engine compartment, the rear plexiglass window of the pre-production copies was quickly pierced with holes and then replaced on all production models by louvers or louvers, still matt black, which would also play a large part in the myth. of the Miura. They will be found on many other models of sports cars but they will be refused by the French mining service in 1971 on the small Lamborghini Urraco with V8 rear mid-engine as well as on the Alpine A310. This theme of mat black grilles, in contrast to the then common chrome, will also be declined by Bertone on the front cover of his Simca 1200S coupe in 1967. All these mat black grilles contrasted furiously with the bright colors of the bodies of all the productions Bertone of that time: the classic red of Italian racing cars was competed with bright blue, canary yellow, lime ... and above all orange. Orange again on the Miura as well as the Fiat Dino coupe as well as the Fiat 850 spider, all signed by Bertone. During this time, Ferrari did not build, according to the sheep demand of its customers, more often than red cars. However, he also offered yellow 206 () With a transverse central V6 engine for his subsidiary ... Dino. The original unique Miura Jota model, developed for hypothetical competitions never proven, by Bob Wallace from the end of 1969, received ordinary headlights placed vertically but protected by portholes like the already classic Jaguar Type. The Miura Spider light blue metallic saloon prototype in 1968 borrowed the rear lights of the Fiat Dino 2000 coupe from 1967, except from 1969 to 2008 when this unique spider was configured as a Zn 75 prototype in dark green color and then received specific lights. with completely red rectangular windows, American style. From 1971 on the Miura SV, Bertone then borrowed the lights from the Fiat Dino 2400 coupe which he himself had redesigned in 1969. The visual design of the Miura had a lasting impact on subsequent car trends in high-end sport. The architecture of the Miura is the second peculiarity of the model, one of the very first production vehicles articulated around a central rear engine, after the Ren Bonnet Djet of 1962 Edmund Rumpler had certainly presented his Tropfenwagen with a rear mid-engine as early as 1921, but it had hardly been successful. This characteristic is then the prerogative of rare competition cars (the Auto-Union of the 1930s then the Cooper single-seaters of the 1950s) even Enzo Ferrari doesnt want to hear about it on his grand touring models. In addition, on the Miura this rear mid-mounted V12 is mounted transversely, as is the in-line 8-cylinder engine of the Formula 1 Bugatti Type 251, designed in 1955, as well as the V12 of the Formula 1 Honda RA270 single-seater. presented in February 1964. The Miura is the only Lamborghini with a transverse V12 engine. On the first series, the engine and the transverse gearbox share the same oil in the common crankcase, like the Mini Austin or Morris of Alec Issigonis in 1959. However, this central and transverse arrangement was taken again, in October 1966, on the models. three Alfa Romeo Osi four-cylinder prototypes, then on the V16 of the rare Cizeta-Moroder V16T presented in 1988. Indeed, C and Z are the initials of Claudio Zampolli, who was an engineer for the production of the Lamborghini Miura. In this sense, Ferruccio Lamborghini is a pioneer for production cars and his Miura is often considered the first supercar in history. In addition to its innovative architecture, the Miura is also distinguished by the performance attributed to it. The engine - a 12-cylinder V with 3.9 liters of displacement - developed 350 horsepower, a very important power for the time the reigning world champion Formula 1 was then a 205 hp Lotus. As for the Porsche 911, it sticks, at that time, to 130 hp. In fact, the maximum speed of 280 km / h of the Miura and its acceleration clearly ahead of the competition. The SV version (with its 385 horsepower) will subsequently be timed at 288.6 km / h. The design of the fuel supply is flawed, however, with the car known to be at risk of engine compartment fire due to combustion (due to heat from exhaust manifolds) of excess gasoline escaping of the carburettors if the floats are blocked in the low position. On our website you can download a drawing of Lamborghini Miura Coupe 1965 in pdf svg png jpg ai eps formats Use it for 3d modelling different illustrations typography engineering and design projects All our drawings are made in high quality therefore they can be very helpful in your work study or research.
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